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Development of Database on the Upper Extremity Splints Made in the Service of Occupational Therapy from a Public Hospital in São Paulo
Rafaela de Souza Cesário, OT, CHT; Lígia Cortez Almeida, OT; Maria Candida M. Luzo, OT; Regina Sanches
Occupational Therapy, Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia do HCFMUSP, São Paulo, Brazil

Occupational Therapy (OT) contributes significantly in the rehabilitation of individuals with physical dysfunction. The smallest of changes can affect the function of the hand, disabling the individual to perform activities of daily living, work and leisure. In addition, bone deformities, deforming forces, traumatic injuries, among other things, cause pain and fear to patients because they feel unable to perform their function.

One of the tools used by occupational therapy in physical rehabilitation are the splints, which are devices applied externally to the body and used to optimize the locomotor system by modifying the structural or functional characteristics of the neuro skeletal muscle system.

The use of splints as a therapeutic resource in the process of physical rehabilitation has proved very valuable in the practice of occupational therapy, both as an adjunct for the treatment of neurological and orthopedic pathologies. The splints are devices applied to one or several body segments. They are intended to provide better joint alignment and positioning, preventing deformities, reducing muscle fatigue, facilitating recovery of muscle-tendon complex and injured joints.

Based on the importance of splints in the process of physical rehabilitation in occupational therapy, this work aimed at creating a database that allows organization and easy access to information on the upper extremity splints made at the occupational therapy service at the Institute of Orthopedics and Traumatology from a public hospital in São Paulo .

Through this research, it was possible to know the most common pathologies at the service, quantify and understand the upper extremity splints made in certain periods, its type and purpose, besides knowing the current profile of patients treated at the Occupational Therapy service and whether they follow or not rehabilitation.

The database developed through this work has great value in managing health information, serving to support teaching and research professionals and assisting in the management of the hospital organization.

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